The small outgrowth of a brain hidden under big hemispheres received the name of shishkovidny gland for the appearance. The body in the form of the pine cone was represented once in those places of papyruses where it was told about entry of souls of the deads into the judgment hall of Osiris. Very archaic value of the cone (and after all "cones" happen important) - a symbol of eternal life, and also recovery of health.
Then it will turn out that the human body by means of an epifiz or other body is rather rigidly linked with geo-and heliospace processes. And whether this communication of the person and Space through was meant by ancient mystics, calling shishkovidny gland "Spiritual Eye"?
Epifiz develops first of all serotonin and melatonin, and also noradrenaline, a histamine. In an epifiza peptide hormones and biogenous amines are found. The main function of an epifiz is regulation of circadian (daily) biological rhythms, endocrine functions, a metabolism (an exchange and the organism adaptation to the changing illumination conditions.
Outside the shishkovidny body is covered with a soft soyedinitelnotkanny cover of a brain which contains a set anastomoziruyushy (connecting among themselves) of blood vessels. Cellular elements of a parenchyma are specialized ferruterous cages - pineotsita and glial cages - gliotsita.
The Shishkovidny body (, pinealny gland, the top brain appendage) is a small oval ferruterous education which belongs to an intermediate brain and settles down in a superficial furrow between the top hillocks of a midbrain and over the talamusy.