Prospects of development of mineral resources of Mordovia have to be under construction now on existence of already reconnoitered mineral deposits which can be used at application of new technologies and types of production In this regard such types of minerals as chalk are of interest to lime, clay for expanded clay and a keramdor, diatomites (bergmeal) for thermolitas and new heat-insulating materials.
Researches of atmospheric air show that in city boundaries it is possible to allocate two large zones of extremely intensive pollution of the atmosphere. It is a northern prom.zona where levels of lead, vanadium, chrome, nickel, cadmium constantly or incidentally exceed maximum concentration limit, and the central part of the city where levels of lead and nickel also exceed maximum concentration limit. Other districts of the city are characterized in general by lower level of pollution.
At the same time the main share of own financial means which was earlier used by the enterprises of a national economy in the nature protection purposes in connection with the created economic situation in the republic gained zero value, i.e. ensuring standard work of the airsecurity, water treatment and other nature protection equipment is not carried out.
Deficiency of a construction brick has a talk not lack of a source of raw materials (there are large-scale deposits of both silicate sand, and brick clays), and existence of the low-power rural enterprises with outdated technology.
Warehouses for storage of pesticides and mineral fertilizers, including and become useless do not meet the modern sanitary requirements, settle down in poorly rooms adapted for these purposes.
The catastrophic situation developed with the rivers Insar, Saranka, Tavla who in a present state are characterized by extremely high level of pollution, lost the cultural and improving value and do not correspond on qualitative structure to any type of water use.
Data on levels of the content of some heavy metals in leaves, branches and bark of the trees which are selected in inhabited parts of the city show that most intensively in natural vegetation lead, to a lesser extent concentrates: molybdenum, zinc, copper, nickel.
Measures for introduction of new technologies for cleaning of industrial and municipal drains are not taken, reconstruction and expansion of the reverse and closed water taking away networks is not carried out, systems of automatic control and management of processes of water consumption and water disposal are not applied
Sandstones which are also used as raw materials for receiving crushed stone, lie usually in the form of pro-layers among sand, clays and a molding, and have small stocks, poor quality and difficulties with processing.
Additional harmful load of the air basin is created by the warehouse "Selkhozkhimiya" located near the territory of a housing estate that is connected with stay as a part of fertilizers of chrome and strontium. Considerable distribution of chrome in soils (to 50-70 mg / to causes movement it in a food chain: soil-plant-animal-person. The raised content of chrome in apples was so noted.
As sources of the centralized economic and drinking water supply 1483 art.skvazhina, including for municipal water supply systems - 189 are used, for departmental - 129 Zones of sanitary protection are absent at 327. (22%), including municipal - 4,76%.
The extensive damage was caused by unsystematic use of means of chemicalixation of agricultural production. It served as the reason of pollution of arable lands, agricultural grounds, forests and rural selitebny zones.
When developing pits destruction of a fertile layer of the earth, impoverishment of mineral as a result of non-compliance with technology of production is allowed by Working off considerable forests, arable lands are destroyed, considerable losses of mineral, a zabolachivayemost of the area of the fulfilled pits and development of the landslide phenomena On the developed thrown pits are allowed recultivation in this connection the considerable areas are brought out of agricultural development is not carried out.
Results of biogeochemical researches of intensity of accumulation of heavy metals in biosubstrata of the population show that the strongest impact on a human body in the city can be connected with lead, to a lesser extent - with cadmium.